For Centuries, the recognition of child abuse has been compromised by pervasive denial. There are sociological phenomena through which entire communities across the world deny the reality of child abuse because denial protects individuals or victim from the young consequenced horrible aspect of future life. Child abuse affects all people of all ages from infants, children to adolescents irrespective of gender, socio-economic classes, ethnic groups and religion.
Identification, evaluation, protection and treatment of abused child is very challenging in India and as well as in other Countries. Mental Health workers, law personals, Politicians, Social Worker, NGOs, Police, Other Doctors, Human right professionals, should join their hand for making effective legislation, post victim care, reduce stigma, prevention & act. There are vital role of Psychiatrists and Mental Health Professionals, they may provide treatment of children who have behavioural and emotional problem caused by abuse. They may also evaluate for a forensic or legal purpose, support them and their family to recover from this crisis.
Any intentional harm or mistreatment to a child under 18 years old is considered child abuse. It occurs in all age group including infants, children and adolescents. Child abuse takes many forms, which often occur at the same time. Mental health professionals help to understand the nature , extent and cause of the psychological trauma.
Can be understood as any act that results in a non-accidental physical injury such as beating, punching, kicking, biting, burning and poisoning. It may also be result of unreasonable severe bodily punishment or unjustifiable punishment.
It can be recognized by presence of Unexplained injuries, such as bruises, fractures or burns on the body. Damage to head, Internal organs and skeletal damage. Body Injuries that don't match the given explanation by victims.
Can be understood by any sexual activity with a child, such as fondling, oral-genital contact, intercourse or exposure to child pornography. It can be between same gender or opposite gender. The sexual behavior include touching breasts, buttocks, genitals whether the victim is dressed or undressed; exhibitionism, fellation, cunnilingus and penetration of vagina or anus with sexual organ or objects.
It can b recognized by presence of
Is when a person conveys to a child that he or she is worthless, flawed, unloved, unwanted or endangered. It may result from verbal assault (threating, blaming, screaming), exposure to domestic violence, over pressuring, or forcing the child to engaging antisocial activities.
How to recognize Emotional abuse
Can be understood as failure to provide required care, protection, and basic necessities like food, shelter and education.
How to recognize Neglect
Abused children manifest a variety of emotional, behavioural and somatic symptoms. These psychological symptoms are neither specific or pathognomic. The Psychological consequences of child abuse have wide range of effects.
If left acknowledged children may lead to
The measures that reduce the occurrence of child abuse are Raising public awareness through Media, Civic associations, Parent-teacher organizations, counseling and parenting maybe helpful to reduce the occurrence of child abuse. We can take simple steps to protect your child from exploitation and child abuse, as well as prevent child abuse in your neighborhood or community. The goal is to provide safe, stable, nurturing relationships for children. For example: